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What is Baldness?

Baldness is androgenetic alopecia, which is the loss of hair caused by genetic factors. It’s the most frequent cause of hair loss among the population and it affects more than 50% of men above the age of 50.


To understand the process that leads to baldness, it’s important to understand the growth phases of the hair. Our strands of hair go through three different phases: growth, rest and finally fall. Thus, our hair grows, enters the rest phase and stops growing, becomes weak, falls and everything repeats itself, in other words, new strands of hair grow back.


For individuals affected by this condition, there is a progressive thinning of the hair with each hair cycle, each strand of hair that falls being replaced with a thinner one. This process culminates in the loss of follicles over the years.

How to identify Baldness?

There are several tips and hair treatments to fight this problem, both to prevent it and to reduce its impact. But before we move on to that part, we need to know how to identify it.

The evolution of baldness is easy to explain from a scientific point of view. The following image explains the process.

Find out about the Baldness Scale

This problem usually affects the scalp, both of men and women. As a result, there are two scales that determine the degree of baldness. These scales are the following: The Norwood Scale (Men) and the Ludwig Scale (Women).

What is the Norwood Scale?

It’s the method that allows to measure the degree of androgenetic alopecia from which a man suffers. Thanks to the Norwood scale, it’s possible to classify the different types of baldness, so as to personalize the hair treatments for each of them. There are 7 degrees. You will find said degrees below.

What is the Ludwig Scale?

Feminine alopecia is usually characterized by a loss of density, starting from the centre of the head and going down. It’s usually accompanied by the miniaturization of the hair, which is the loss of thickness that causes the hair to thin. The Ludwig scale was developed to categorize this hair loss.


It made it possible to diagnose women with alopecia a lot quicker and to know what is more appropriate for each individual case.

What are the main causes of baldness?

Baldness can occur for a series of reasons. The most common causes are:

  • Family history of baldness
  • Ageing
  • Hormonal changes
  • Diseases that affect the hair cycle

Male-pattern baldness is usually inherited and can start at any age. The hair loss starts frequently at the front, on the sides or at the top of the head. Some men can have a bald spot or just a receding hairline. Others can lose their hair entirely.

Although it’s less frequent, this type of baldness is different from the male baldness since the hair tends to get thinner all over the head. However, the hairline remains intact. The first sign that women usually notice is an enlargement of the central line (parting line). Female baldness rarely causes a total loss of the hair.

Recommended treatments for Baldness

If you have this hair problem, know that there is a solution. We don’t leave your hair behind at MediCapilar. We want to help! Find out how.

A few words from those who have overcome Baldness at MediCapilar

Take a look at the testimonies of those who chose MediCapilar to solve their hair problems.

Ricky Andrade


“I strongly recommend it! The MediCapilar Clinic is an amazing place to do a hair transplant. I consider my case to be a victory. Each case is different, come check what yours is!”

Frequently asked questions about baldness

What could be the origin of baldness?

Baldness is always determined genetically and can be aggravated by the presence of stress, anxiety, lack of nutrients, among other factors.

Does gender influence baldness?

No. Baldness affects both men and women, although it’s more frequent among men: According to the World Health Organisation, 50% of the male population is affected by problems associated with baldness, especially men over the age of 50.

What can we do to mitigate baldness?

The closest there is to a cure for baldness is the hair transplant, since the follicles that are transplanted aren’t lost over the years. Besides that, this condition can be treated with medication and treatments injected into the scalp.  

The best starting point is to schedule a free hair examination appointment without any commitment at the MediCapilar Clinic to find out which solution would be the best for your case.

Can I still suffer from baldness after a hair transplant?

Although transplanted hair is not affected by the baldness process, the remaining native hair that was in the transplanted area (recipient area) could go through its natural baldness process.

Any more doubts?

Clarify all your doubts in person, schedule now your Free Hair Examination near you.


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